History of dating in 1818
When one of his shots made an odd sound, he investigated and found one of these small bells poking up out of the grit.
He dug around and eventually uncovered 18 groups of them -- weighing about 200 pounds -- as if they had been buried or otherwise left behind by a traveler along an ancient "Spanish Trail" there.
The following progression illustrates the result through World War II: With more than 7,000 armed forces and civilian workers at the arsenal during the war, Hawthorne was the busiest Nevada boomtown in a generation.
By 1950 nearly 2,500 people still lived in government housing at nearby Babbitt, but even as the Korean War broke out, the boom was over.
Hawthorne became the Esmeralda County seat in 1883, replacing Aurora where the mines were in deep decline.
A visiting golfer wrote in Nevada Magazine:"A canopy of spring rainclouds was held aloft by rows of towering trees. The greens were of an exotic weave, floating in elevated pools at each fairway's end like green satin pillows on a velvet bed.
The Mineral County Museum on the north end of town is an enjoyable collection of local area artifacts and discoveries dating back as far as the Miocene Era fossils from nearby Stewart Valley and as recent as the collection of hand-made knives taken from prisoners at the state prison.
But mining discoveries in the vicinity helped maintain Hawthorne's prosperity through the hard times, and by 1910 the population had actually increased by 35 people.
In 1911, State Senator Fred Balzar of Hawthorne was able to persuade his fellow legislators that Esmeralda County was too large.
Mina, meanwhile, with its mining and busy railroad, had grown to 680. Lake Denmark, New Jersey, was blown off the face of the earth by a huge explosion at the naval ammunition depot there, and Congress wanted to find some less valuable real estate for the new one.